The WHO named the new type of coronavirus "Sars-CoV-2" (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome). The name refers to the virus that can, but does not have to cause symptoms.
The respiratory disease caused by Sars-CoV-2 was named "Covid-19" (coronavirus disease 19). Coivd-19 patients are people who carry the Sars-CoV-2 virus and show symptoms. Covid-19 was unknown before the outbreak in December 2019 in Wuhan, China.
According to the medical evidence accepted at the moment, the Covid 19 virus is more transmissible, but less lethal than SARS and more deadly than influenza.
The reports show that the transmission occurs mainly through saliva drops and sneezing of a sick person. These droplets end up on objects and surfaces in the person's surroundings where the virus can remain active for several days. If these droplets come into contact with the eyes, nose, mouth directly, or other body orifices, the person can become infected. Transmission can also occur indirectly via the hands, by touching the face, eyes, lips, etc. People can also become infected if they inhale saliva drops from a person with Sars-CoV-2 who coughs up or exhales droplets. It is therefore important to stay more than 1 meter away from a sick person. There is no evidence that the virus is transmitted through the air like the chickenpox virus.
The most common symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, fatigue and dry cough. Some patients may experience pain and discomfort, a stuffy or runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and start gradually. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure.
Some people get infected, but do not develop symptoms and feel fine. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. About 1 in 6 people who are infected with Covid-19 become seriously ill and develop breathing difficulties.
Elderly people and people with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, another active infection and/or people with immunosuppression are more likely to develop a serious disease.
Covid-19- Preventive Methods
You can reduce the risk of infection or spread of Covid-19 by taking some simple precautions:
- Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly with soap and water. Washing your hands with soap and water or rubbing them with alcohol kills viruses that may be on your hands.
- Keep at least 1 meter distance between you and anyone who coughs or sneezes. If someone coughs or sneezes, they will spray small drops of liquid from their nose or mouth, which may contain viruses. If you are too close, you can inhale the droplets, including the Covid 19 virus if the person coughing carries the virus. The person who could carry the virus is the one with noticeable, visible symptoms. There is currently no evidence that the virus is transmitted by a person without symptoms during the incubation period. A possible infection by asymptomatic individuals is very low, as they do not show symptoms. Even if they sneeze or cough, remember that we are at the beginning of spring and this coincides with the period of spring allergies.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Hands touch many surfaces and can carry viruses. Once they are contaminated, hands can transmit the virus through your eyes, nose or mouth. From there the virus can enter your body and trigger symptoms.
- Make sure that you and the people around you maintain good respiratory hygiene. This involves covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Droplets spread the virus. If you pay attention to good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses that can cause colds, flu or Covid-19.
- Wearing a mask can be counterproductive for healthy people. If we wear it while we are healthy, it can give us a false sense of security. When we wear a mask, we are much more likely touching our face, which is a good way to get infected. The mask should be worn mainly by people with symptoms to protect others.
- Liposomal vitamin C, vitamin D due to the lack of fresh air during home quarantine, and various immune stimulants such as colostrum, inositol or beta-glucans can be taken to strengthen the immune system.
- Smoothies with celery, garlic, curcuma, as well as teas with ginger can also support the immune system.
Stay at home if you feel uncomfortable. In case of fever, cough and breathing difficulties, contact a doctor. Call him first. Follow the instructions of your local health authority. Remember, everyone is responsible for the people around them and for their loved ones. If we are ill, we should be treated at home, allow domestic isolation and if a doctor needs to be consulted, a mask should be worn.
Think about whether it is perhaps time to live a cleaner and healthier life. Strengthen your immune system through sport, healthy food, rest and also some calmness.
References: WHO and open sources